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Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana -Schemes of Bihar Government
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Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana (SGSY)
Introduction
This programme was launched in April,1999 by restructuring IRDP (Integrated Rural Development Programme), and a number of allied programmes such as TRYSEM (Training of Rural Youth for Self Employment), DWCRA (Development of Women & Children in Rural Areas), SITRA (Supply of Improved Toolkits to Rural Artisans), GKY (Ganga Kalyan Yojana) and MWS (Million Wells Schemes). This is a holistic programme covering all aspects of self-employment such as organisation of the poor into Self-Help Groups, training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing.
Objective
The objective of SGSY is to provide sustainable income to the rural poor. The programme aims at establishing a large number of micro-enterprises in the rural areas, based upon the potential of the rural poor. It is envisaged that every family assisted under SGSY will be brought above the poverty-line with in a period of three years.
Scope
This programme covers families below poverty line in rural areas of the country. Within this target group, special safeguards have been provided by reserving 50% of benefits for SCs/STs, 40% for women and 3% for physically handicapped persons. Subject to the availability of the funds, it is proposed to cover 30% of the rural poor in each block in the next 5 years.
Funding
SGSY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and funding is shared by the Central and State Governments in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.
Strategy
SGSY is a Credit-cum-Subsidy programme. It covers all aspects of self-employment, such as organisation of the poor into self-help groups, training, credit technology, infrastructure and marketing. Efforts would be made to involve women members in each self-help group. SGSY lays emphasis on activity clusters. Four-five activities will be identified for each block with the approval of Panchayat Samities. The Gram sabha will authenticate the list of families below the poverty line identified in BPL census. Identification of individual families suitable for each key activity will be made through a participatory process. Closer attention will be paid on skill development of the beneficiaries, known as swarozgaris, and their technology and marketing needs.
How to Seek Assistance
For assistance under the programme, District Rural Development Agencies and Block Development Officers may be contacted.
   
   
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